U.S. home sales dropped to their lowest level in more than 9-1/2 years in May, strengthening expectations for a sharp contraction in housing market activity in the second quarter following disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
The report from the National Association of Realtors on Monday also showed the smallest annual home price increase in more than eight years. The slump in existing home sales reflected closings on contracts signed in March and April, when nearly the whole country was under lockdowns to slow the spread of the respiratory illness.
With applications for home loans surging to an 11-year high in recent weeks amid record low mortgage rates, May was probably the nadir for the existing housing market. Data last week showed a sharp rebound in building permits in May.
"Home sales may bounce with pent-up demand following the shutdown of the economy starting in March, but the massive scale of job losses and cautious consumers rebuilding their savings may limit the sales turnover of the housing stock," said Chris Rupkey, chief economist at MUFG in New York.
Existing home sales fell 9.7% to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 3.91 million units last month, the lowest level since October 2010. It was the third straight monthly drop in home resales. Economists polled by Reuters had forecast existing home sales would fall 3% to a rate of 4.12 million units in May.
Existing home sales, which make up about 90% of U.S. home sales, decreased 26.6% on a year-on-year basis in May, the largest annual decline since 1982.
Despite signs demand was rebounding along with the reopening of the economy, nearly 20 million people are unemployed. In addition, the supply of homes available for sale is still tight, indicating a strong housing market recovery is unlikely.
There were 1.55 million previously owned homes on the market in May, down 18.8% from a year ago.
"We're not out of the woods yet," said John Pataky, executive vice president at TIAA Bank in Jacksonville, Florida.
Stocks on Wall Street were mixed as investors weighed stimulus-fueled recovery hopes against an increase in U.S. coronavirus infections. The PHLX housing index <.HGX> was little changed. The dollar <.DXY> fell against a basket of currencies. U.S. Treasury prices rose.
SHIFT TO SUBURBS
Home sales fell in all four regions last month. The NAR said with many companies allowing greater flexibility for employees to work from home amid the COVID-19 pandemic, demand for housing was skewed towards single-family homes, mostly in the suburbs.
Single-family home sales dropped 24.8% in May from a year ago. Sales of multi-family homes plunged 41.4% on a year-on-year basis.
With sales weak, the median existing house price rose 2.3% from a year ago to $284,600 in May. That was the smallest gain since February 2012. Though single-family home prices increased, the median condominium price fell.
"Although demand certainly dropped in March and April due to the crisis, supply dropped even more, and has thus far kept home prices from declining," said Mike Fratantoni, chief economist at the Mortgage Bankers Association in Washington. "We expect that home price growth will pick up over the summer due to insufficient supply levels."
Last month's slump in home sales, together with a modest rise in homebuilding in May, suggested a decline in residential investment this quarter after it grew at its fastest rate in more than seven years in the first quarter.
At May's sales pace, it would take 4.8 months to exhaust the current inventory, up from 4.3 months a year ago. A six-to-seven-month supply is viewed as a healthy balance between supply and demand.
Last month, houses for sale typically stayed on the market for 26 days, down from 27 days in April, but matching the duration a year ago. Fifty-eight percent of homes sold in May were on the market for less than a month.
First-time buyers accounted for 34% of sales in May, down from 36% in April but up from 32% a year ago.