new record for the small country of Central America: in 2017 Costa Rica managed to cover 100% of its electricity needs by using only renewable energy for 300 days.
Considering the period between January 1 and November 18, 2017, as reported by the Institute of Electricity of Costa Rica (ICE), this country has only been able to count on renewable sources, even exceeding the 2015 record, year in which had stopped at 299 days.
According to data published by the ICE, 99.62% of the electricity production in Costa Rica is currently under the responsibility of 5 different renewable sources:
Wind energy (10.29%)
Geothermal energy (10.23%)
Solar energy and biomass (0.84%)
It is important to remember that renewables were used to produce electricity only, while fossil fuels had to be used for heating buildings and for gasoline. However, the country is determined to get rid of at least the oil by 2021, for example by incentivising the purchase of electric cars with tax cuts.
It is true that the country is small (it has less than 5 million inhabitants), and that the environmental conditions are decidedly favorable, for example the abundant rainfall favors the hydroelectric sector, but this model should set an example for the remaining nations, looking at the renewable as possible substitutes for fossil fuels, always starting from the strengths of each one.